Soma Pills and Pregnancy: Safety Considerations for Expectant Mothers

Soma Pills and Pregnancy: Safety Considerations for Expectant Mothers

Soma tablets harm animals during pregnancy in trials, but no researchers have studied people. Soma tablets during pregnancy may cause congenital abnormalities and fetal discomfort, according to reproductive toxicology.  The FDA advises against using it during pregnancy unless the benefits outweigh the dangers.

Medications during pregnancy are a matter of concern for expectant mothers. Soma, a trade name for the generic compound carisoprodol, is a muscle relaxant often prescribed to treat acute musculoskeletal pain. It is very important to understand the implications of taking Soma during pregnancy because of the negative impacts on the mother and the child. 

This blog answers all expectant mothers' questions and states the safety and precautionary measures to be followed. 

Soma and Pregnancy: An Overview

Soma Pill is a medication that helps treat muscle injuries and spasms. The FDA approved the use of the Schedule IV drug in 1959. HAB Pharmaceuticals manufactures Soma pills [1].

Pregnancy is a stage in a woman’s life where she is about to have a baby, and she carries the baby in her womb for 9 months [2]. 

Soma on Pregnancy- Effects on Fetal Development 

In considering the impact of Soma (carisoprodol) on pregnancy, many points clearly explain how the Soma pill affects the fetus ( an offspring of a human or mammal in the embryo stage that undergoes prenatal development in the womb).

Soma Pill Crosses The Wall Of The Placenta And Reaches The Fetus

Many empirical studies demonstrate that the Soma pill is capable of crossing the placenta wall (an organ that develops in the uterus during pregnancy). 

This generally means that when a pregnant woman administers the Soma pill, the drug enters the bloodstream and potentially reaches the fetus. This implies that the transference includes possible exposure of the developing fetus to the medication's effects, which may vary from patient to patient depending on the dosage and frequency of use.

Key Points:

  • Soma transfers to the fetus through the placenta by breaking the placental wall.

  • The amount of medication transferred depends on the dosage, which varies from person to person.

Increased Risk of Birth Defects

 Many in-vitro studies indicate that exposure to Soma pills at the time of pregnancy can be associated with an increased risk of congenital anomalies. These risks are high when the drug is taken during the first trimester, a critical period, as most of the major organs and structures develop during the first trimester. 

Key Points:

  • It increases the potential for teratogenicity (a stage where defects are caused in a developing fetus), resulting in birth defects.

  • There are chances of higher risks when the pill is used in the first trimester.

Soma pill is highly not recommended during the last three months of pregnancy because it might possibly harm the newborn baby, or many complications might arise during the delivery process. 

Soma Risks During Each Trimester of Pregnancy


Pregnancy is a phase of great care and concern. There are basically three trimesters during the whole phase (9 months).  You should be careful in each and every trimester, especially when it comes to medication. Soma is a muscle relaxant and might lead to serious consequences when taken during pregnancy, which we will outline in the following subsections.

First Trimester: Defects Risks are its Peak

During the first trimester (conception to 12 weeks), the fetus undergoes the development process and is in a critical condition.  The use of Soma pills during this stage can harm the proper formation of organs and limbs.

Many detailed studies have laid down a correlation between the use of muscle relaxants like Soma and an increased risk for heart defects, cleft lips, and skeletal abnormalities. It is important to avoid medications that may disrupt early fetal development.

Second and Third Trimesters: Risk of Dependence in the Baby

In the second (13-27 weeks) and third trimesters (27-40 weeks), the development process still goes on, although the major organs have formed.  However, the risk of consuming the Soma pill continues.

 If the medication is used consistently during these latter stages, the baby may later become dependent on the drug.  The withdrawal symptoms after birth, with signs like irritability, abnormal sleep patterns, and tremors, might occur as a side effect of the Soma pill if taken during pregnancy.  If any of the symptoms occur in the baby, then it requires immediate medical response and care. 

Soma Alternatives for Pain Relief During Pregnancy


Several safe alternatives to Soma (carisoprodol) for expecting mothers are given below-

Over-the-Counter Medicines Approved for Pregnancy

  • Acetaminophen: The medication is often recommended as a first-line treatment for pain relief and can be used for headaches, muscle aches, and fever.

  • Antacids: This is basically used for heartburn or indigestion discomfort.

Physical Therapy and Massage

  • Guided exercises: This is necessary to strengthen muscles and relieve pain.

  • Massage:  This reduces stress and provides relief from muscle tension.

Acupuncture or Chiropractic Care

  • Acupuncture: It is a therapy where needles are inserted through your skin at strategic points in your body. 

  • Chiropractic care:  This is a therapy that alleviates pain related to spinal alignment issues.

NOTE: You should always consult with your doctor or seek proper medical advice before taking the Soma pill during pregnancy. 

Discussing Risks/Benefits With an OB-GYN (Obstetrics and Gynaecology)

 It is important to have a conversation with our OB-GYN, as they are specialists and can help us understand the potential risks to both the unborn child and the pregnant individual. 

 They are the experts, and by taking their suggestions into consideration and collaboratively reviewing your medical history and current health status, you can come to a better conclusion as to whether this medication is a safe option for you during your pregnancy.

Considering Non-Drug Options for Pain Management

  • You should follow different therapies like prenatal yoga. 

  • Change your lifestyle in such a way that it might help you with the pain management system. 

Rather than using any medication, you can opt out for non-drug options like physical exercises, a long walk, and meditation to relax your soul and body. You should also change your food habits and sleep routine in order to live a normal, healthy life. 

Soma pill and breastfeeding

According to a study by Gerald G. Briggs, the Soma pill taken during lactation or breastfeeding resulted in mild sedation with no other reports of serious side effects or toxicity.  However, it is advised to take precautionary measures and consult with your doctor before taking the medication during pregnancy or breastfeeding [3].

Soma pills and Pregnancy: Conclusion

Soma pill is a muscle relaxant and a category C drug that is not considered safe during pregnancy. Its use during pregnancy can affect the growth and development of the fetus, further resulting in withdrawal symptoms after birth. Thus, it is advisable as a precautionary measure for pregnant women to take a Soma pill after consulting a doctor.


No, it is not safe to take Soma while pregnant.

You should always consult with your doctor before taking the medication, as it has many negative impacts depending upon the dosage.

Soma belongs to the pregnancy category C drug approved by the FDA.

The drugs that cross the placenta are- opiates, benzodiazepines, beta-blockers, barbiturates, local anesthetics, etc.

Soma takes 30 minutes to kick in after its administration.


  1. Soma: Uses, Dosage and Interactions,

  2. Pregnancy, Wikipedia 

  3. High-dose carisoprodol during pregnancy and lactation, NCBI

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